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Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der Nr. Präsident, Regierungszeit, Partei. 1. George Washington (geb. , † ). George Washington war von bis der erste Präsident der 1 Monat nach Amtsantritt im Büro verstorben. 10 . Erster schwarzer Präsident der USA. Die Liste der Attentate auf Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten nennt die. Retrieved July 24, President of the United States One of the most important of all executive powers is the president's role as Commander-in-Chief of live wta race United States Armed Forces. Political parties Democratic Republican Book of ra slot sfera parties. Chief executives of the United States. Kennedy in Dallas bei einem Attentat ermordet, das bis heute nicht restlos aufgeklärt ist und um das sich bis in die Gegenwart zahlreiche Verschwörungstheorien stargames net web login. Allerdings wurde die Präsidentschaft auch durch den Vietnamkrieg kontrolliert spielen (online casinos), gegen den sich zunehmend mehr und mehr Teile der Bevölkerung stellten, da es den US-Streitkräften vor allem aufgrund militärischer Fehleinschätzungen nicht gelang, den Krieg gegen die kommunistischen Nordvietnamesen siegreich zu beenden. Retrieved May 22, Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress. United States 92 U. Supreme Court ruled such a legislative alteration of the veto power to be unconstitutional. As a result, his first term was only 1, days long as opposed to the usual 1,and was the shortest term sportwetten gratis guthaben ohne einzahlung a U.
The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves , and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances.
The power of the presidency has grown substantially since its formation, as has the power of the federal government as a whole.
Through the Electoral College , registered voters indirectly elect the president and vice president to a four-year term. This is the only federal election in the United States which is not decided by popular vote.
Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 sets three qualifications for holding the presidency: The Twenty-second Amendment precludes any person from being elected president to a third term.
In all, 44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. Donald Trump of New York is the 45th and current president.
He assumed office on January 20, The new states were independent of each other as nation states  and recognized the necessity of closely coordinating their efforts against the British.
It could make its own resolutions, determinations, and regulations, but not any laws, and could not impose any taxes or enforce local commercial regulations upon its citizens.
The states agreed to a resolution that settled competing western land claims. The Articles took effect on March 1, , when Maryland became the final state to ratify them.
In , the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies. With peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs.
They witnessed their hard currency pouring into foreign markets to pay for imports, their Mediterranean commerce preyed upon by North African pirates , and their foreign-financed Revolutionary War debts unpaid and accruing interest.
Following the successful resolution of commercial and fishing disputes between Virginia and Maryland at the Mount Vernon Conference in , Virginia called for a trade conference between all the states, set for September in Annapolis, Maryland , with an aim toward resolving further-reaching interstate commercial antagonisms.
When the convention failed for lack of attendance due to suspicions among most of the other states, Alexander Hamilton led the Annapolis delegates in a call for a convention to offer revisions to the Articles, to be held the next spring in Philadelphia.
Prospects for the next convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washington 's attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia.
When the Constitutional Convention convened in May , the 12 state delegations in attendance Rhode Island did not send delegates brought with them an accumulated experience over a diverse set of institutional arrangements between legislative and executive branches from within their respective state governments.
Most states maintained a weak executive without veto or appointment powers, elected annually by the legislature to a single term only, sharing power with an executive council, and countered by a strong legislature.
The Presentment Clause requires that any bill passed by Congress must be presented to the president before it can become law.
Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options:. The legislation empowered the president to sign any spending bill into law while simultaneously striking certain spending items within the bill, particularly any new spending, any amount of discretionary spending, or any new limited tax benefit.
Congress could then repass that particular item. If the president then vetoed the new legislation, Congress could override the veto by its ordinary means, a two-thirds vote in both houses.
City of New York , U. Supreme Court ruled such a legislative alteration of the veto power to be unconstitutional. One of the most important of all executive powers is the president's role as Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces.
The power to declare war is constitutionally vested in Congress, but the president has ultimate responsibility for the direction and disposition of the military.
The exact degree of authority that the Constitution grants to the President as Commander in Chief has been the subject of much debate throughout history, with Congress at various times granting the President wide authority and at others attempting to restrict that authority.
The amount of military detail handled personally by the President in wartime has varied dramatically. In , Washington used his constitutional powers to assemble 12, militia to quell the Whiskey Rebellion —a conflict in western Pennsylvania involving armed farmers and distillers who refused to pay excise tax on spirits.
According to historian Joseph Ellis , this was the "first and only time a sitting American president led troops in the field", though James Madison briefly took control of artillery units in defense of Washington D.
The present-day operational command of the Armed Forces is delegated to the Department of Defense and is normally exercised through the Secretary of Defense.
The President is to be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the United States. It would amount to nothing more than the supreme command and direction of the military and naval forces Pursuant to the War Powers Resolution , Congress must authorize any troop deployments longer than 60 days, although that process relies on triggering mechanisms that have never been employed, rendering it ineffectual.
Presidents have historically initiated the process for going to war,   but critics have charged that there have been several conflicts in which presidents did not get official declarations, including Theodore Roosevelt 's military move into Panama in ,  the Korean War ,  the Vietnam War ,  and the invasions of Grenada in  and Panama in The constitution also empowers the President to propose and chiefly negotiate agreements between the United States and other countries.
Such agreements become, upon receiving the advice and consent of the U. Senate by a two-thirds majority vote , become binding with the force of federal law.
General Services Administration , U. The president is the head of the executive branch of the federal government and is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed".
Presidents make numerous executive branch appointments: Ambassadors , members of the Cabinet , and other federal officers, are all appointed by a president with the " advice and consent " of a majority of the Senate.
When the Senate is in recess for at least ten days, the president may make recess appointments. The power of a president to fire executive officials has long been a contentious political issue.
Generally, a president may remove executive officials purely at will. To manage the growing federal bureaucracy, presidents have gradually surrounded themselves with many layers of staff, who were eventually organized into the Executive Office of the President of the United States.
Within the Executive Office, the president's innermost layer of aides and their assistants are located in the White House Office.
Additionally, the president possesses the power to manage operations of the federal government through issuing various types of directives, such as presidential proclamation and executive orders.
When the president is lawfully exercising one of the constitutionally conferred presidential responsibilities, the scope of this power is broad.
Moreover, Congress can overturn an executive order though legislation e. The president also has the power to nominate federal judges , including members of the United States courts of appeals and the Supreme Court of the United States.
However, these nominations require Senate confirmation. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance.
When nominating judges to U. Presidents may also grant pardons and reprieves. Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon a month after taking office.
Bill Clinton pardoned Patty Hearst on his last day in office, as is often done just before the end of a second presidential term, but not without controversy.
Historically, two doctrines concerning executive power have developed that enable the president to exercise executive power with a degree of autonomy.
The first is executive privilege , which allows the president to withhold from disclosure any communications made directly to the president in the performance of executive duties.
George Washington first claimed the privilege when Congress requested to see Chief Justice John Jay 's notes from an unpopular treaty negotiation with Great Britain.
While not enshrined in the Constitution, or any other law, Washington's action created the precedent for the privilege. When Nixon tried to use executive privilege as a reason for not turning over subpoenaed evidence to Congress during the Watergate scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in United States v.
Nixon , U. When President Clinton attempted to use executive privilege regarding the Lewinsky scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in Clinton v.
Jones , U. These cases established the legal precedent that executive privilege is valid, although the exact extent of the privilege has yet to be clearly defined.
Additionally, federal courts have allowed this privilege to radiate outward and protect other executive branch employees, but have weakened that protection for those executive branch communications that do not involve the president.
The state secrets privilege allows the president and the executive branch to withhold information or documents from discovery in legal proceedings if such release would harm national security.
Precedent for the privilege arose early in the 19th century when Thomas Jefferson refused to release military documents in the treason trial of Aaron Burr and again in Totten v.
United States 92 U. Supreme Court until United States v. The Constitution's Ineligibility Clause prevents the president and all other executive officers from simultaneously being a member of Congress.
Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress. However, the president can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the president's political party has a majority in one or both houses of Congress.
For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress.
The president can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally or statutorily mandated, periodic reports to Congress.
These reports may be either written or oral, but today the greatest in importance are given as the oral State of the Union addresses, which often outline the president's legislative proposals for the coming year.
Additionally, the president may attempt to have Congress alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation unless requested changes are made.
In the 20th century, critics charged that too many legislative and budgetary powers that should have belonged to Congress had slid into the hands of presidents.
As the head of the executive branch, presidents control a vast array of agencies that can issue regulations with little oversight from Congress.
One critic charged that presidents could appoint a "virtual army of 'czars' — each wholly unaccountable to Congress yet tasked with spearheading major policy efforts for the White House".
If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn. For example, Franklin Delano Roosevelt convened a special session of Congress immediately after the December 7, , Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and asked for a declaration of war.
As head of state, the president can fulfill traditions established by previous presidents. William Howard Taft started the tradition of throwing out the ceremonial first pitch in at Griffith Stadium , Washington, D.
Every president since Taft, except for Jimmy Carter , threw out at least one ceremonial first ball or pitch for Opening Day, the All-Star Game , or the World Series , usually with much fanfare.
The President of the United States has served as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization.
Other presidential traditions are associated with American holidays. Hayes began in the first White House egg rolling for local children.
Truman administration, every Thanksgiving the president is presented with a live domestic turkey during the annual National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation held at the White House.
Since , when the custom of "pardoning" the turkey was formalized by George H. Bush , the turkey has been taken to a farm where it will live out the rest of its natural life.
Presidential traditions also involve the president's role as head of government. Many outgoing presidents since James Buchanan traditionally give advice to their successor during the presidential transition.
During a state visit by a foreign head of state, the president typically hosts a State Arrival Ceremony held on the South Lawn , a custom begun by John F.
The modern presidency holds the president as one of the nation's premier celebrities. Some argue that images of the presidency have a tendency to be manipulated by administration public relations officials as well as by presidents themselves.
One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office".
Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT  and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.
The nation's Founding Fathers expected the Congress —which was the first branch of government described in the Constitution —to be the dominant branch of government; they did not expect a strong executive department.
Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".
Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:. A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.
The modern presidential campaign begins before the primary elections , which the two major political parties use to clear the field of candidates before their national nominating conventions , where the most successful candidate is made the party's nominee for president.
Typically, the party's presidential candidate chooses a vice presidential nominee, and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.
The most common previous profession of U. Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.
Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.
The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.
As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.
Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.
On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.
They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.
The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January.
If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.
Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.
For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of There have been two contingent presidential elections in the nation's history.
A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first.
Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.
Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.
Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.
Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.
This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath.
When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.
Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.
Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in ,  as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.
In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.
Four years later, with the U. In response to the unprecedented length of Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years 24 months of another president's four-year term.
Truman , president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the election.
Since the amendment's adoption, five presidents have served two full terms: Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H.
Bush sought a second term, but were defeated. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it. Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F.
Kennedy 's unexpired term, was eligible for a second full term in , but withdrew from Democratic Primary.
Additionally, Gerald Ford , who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term, but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the election.
Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Informatie Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties.
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John Quincy Adams — Martin Van Buren — William Henry Harrison — Whigpartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Whigpartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.
James Knox Polk — Democratische Partij Nationale Uniepartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Nationale Uniepartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.
Ulysses Simpson Grant — Rutherford Birchard Hayes — James Abram Garfield — Chester Alan Arthur — Obwohl selbst Sklavenbesitzer sprach er sich vehement gegen eine weitere Ausweitung der Sklaverei in den neu gewonnenen Westgebieten aus.
Taylor war der zweite Präsident, der während der Amtszeit eines natürlichen Todes starb. Der Kompromiss von als friedlicher Ausgleich zwischen den Interessen der sklavenhaltenden Südstaaten und des freien Nordens verhinderte vorerst die sich abzeichnende Sezession.
Für die Präsidentschaftswahl nominierte ihn seine Partei nicht zur Wiederwahl. Neben dem erfolgreich verlaufenen Gadsden-Kauf , mit dem Teilgebiete von Arizona und New Mexico erworben wurden, und dem misslungenen Plan, Kuba zu kaufen oder gewaltsam zu erobern, war die Amtszeit vor allem durch persönliche Probleme gekennzeichnet.
Eine versuchte Wiederwahl scheiterte bereits an der verwährten Nominierung durch seine Partei.
Die wirtschaftliche Krise von schwächte die gesamte Weltwirtschaft. Dies führte zur Sezession der ersten Südstaaten , wobei Buchanan nichts unternahm, um die Sezession aufzuhalten.
Nach seiner Interpretation hätten zwar die Einzelstaaten kein Recht auf den Austritt aus der Union gehabt, allerdings hätte die US-Regierung auch nichts tun können, um sie davon abzuhalten.
Im Jahr trat er nicht zur Wiederwahl an. Buchanan war bislang der einzige unverheiratete Präsident.
Lincolns Präsidentschaft war durch den Bürgerkrieg mit den Konföderierten geprägt. Nach der Sezession von elf sklavenhaltenden Südstaaten führte Lincoln die Nordstaaten zum Sieg, setzte die Wiederherstellung der Union durch und beschloss mit dem Kurz nach Unterzeichnung der Kapitulation von Appomattox und seiner erfolgreichen Wiederwahl im Jahr wurde er von einem fanatischen Sympathisanten der Südstaaten, dem Schauspieler John Wilkes Booth , während einer Theatervorstellung erschossen und war damit der erste Präsident, der während seiner Zeit im Amt ermordet wurde.
Seine Präsidentschaft gilt heute als eine der bedeutendsten in der US-Geschichte, da der von Lincoln siegreich geführte Bürgerkrieg eine Spaltung der Vereinigten Staaten in Nord und Süd verhinderte und die Sklaverei abschaffte.
Doch blieb das Problem der gleichen Bürgerrechte für Afroamerikaner , für deren Gleichberechtigung Lincoln plädierte, für ein weiteres Jahrhundert bis zur Amtszeit von Lyndon B.
Johnson rechtlich weitestgehend ungelöst. Obwohl beide ursprünglich verschiedenen Parteien angehörten, traten sie bei der Wahl von im Rahmen der National Union Party gemeinsam an.
Die Hauptaufgabe seiner Präsidentschaft war nach dem Ende des Bürgerkrieges die gesellschaftliche und ökonomische Wiedereingliederung der Südstaaten Reconstruction.
Diese wurde jedoch erschwert durch erhebliche Differenzen zwischen dem Präsidenten und dem amerikanischen Kongress.
Johnson legte gegen mehrere Gesetze, die die Verbesserung von Lebensbedingungen von Schwarzen vorsahen, Vetos ein, die jedoch häufig vom Kongress mit der erforderlichen Zweidrittelmehrheit in beiden Kammern überstimmt wurden.
Bedingt durch diese Differenzen kam es im Frühjahr zum ersten Amtsenthebungsverfahren der amerikanischen Geschichte, wobei dem Präsidenten insbesondere die Verletzung des umstrittenen Tenure of Office Act zur Last gelegt wurde.
Der von Johnson getätigte Ankauf von Alaska war seinerzeit höchst umstritten. Zum Ende seiner Amtszeit wurde Johnson von den Demokraten nicht zum Kandidaten für die kommende Präsidentenwahl aufgestellt.
Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Einerseits ernannte er erstmals einen Indianer zum Kommissar für indianische Angelegenheiten, andererseits fielen in seine Amtszeit einige blutige Konflikte wie die Schlacht am Little Bighorn.
Grant versuchte Afroamerikanern mehr Rechte zu verschaffen, wobei jedoch gerade in den Südstaaten seine Ambitionen durch starke innenpolitische Widerstände ausgebremst wurden.
Belknap und wegen der Gründung des ersten Nationalparks in Erinnerung. Hayes Sieg wurde erst von einer durch den Kongress eingesetzten Kommission festgestellt.
In seine Amtszeit fiel der Beginn des Gilded Age. Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Garfield wollte die Erneuerung des korrumpierten Staates, was ihm jedoch zum Verhängnis wurde.
Nachdem er dem Geisteskranken Charles J. Guiteau eine Regierungsstelle verweigert hatte, wurde Garfield von diesem angeschossen und starb zweieinhalb Monate später an dieser Verletzung.
Arthur leitete Reformen im Öffentlichen Dienst ein, um die ausufernde Korruption einzudämmen. Für die Präsidentschaftswahl wurde er von seiner Partei nicht als Kandidat aufgestellt.
In seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht. Erstmals überschritten die jährlichen Ausgaben des Staates die Milliardenschwelle.
Harrison war der einzige Präsident, der Enkel eines anderen Präsidenten war. Cleveland ist der einzige Präsident, der nach einer Unterbrechung erneut in das Amt gewählt wurde.
Er erhöhte die Schutzzölle und betrieb eine Politik, die auf der Laissez-faire -Theorie beruht. In seine Amtszeit fiel das Ende des Gilded Age.
William Howard Taft — Taft bemühte sich, die von seinem Vorgänger eingeleiteten Reformen zu konsolidieren. Dabei geriet er in einen innerparteilichen Konflikt zwischen verschiedensten Interessensgemeinschaften.
Für seine Bemühungen um den Völkerbund erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis. In seine zweite Amtszeit fielen auch die landesweite Einführung der Alkoholprohibition — gegen sein Veto — sowie die Einführung des Frauenwahlrechts — mit seiner Unterstützung.
Aufgrund zahlreicher Skandale, in die auch Mitglieder seiner Regierung verwickelt waren, gilt seine Präsidentschaft als wenig erfolgreich.
Die endgültigen Umstände seines Todes sind wegen einer auf Wunsch seiner Frau Florence ausgebliebenen Autopsie bis heute nicht geklärt. Wie seine beiden republikanischen Vorgänger steht auch Hoover für eine Wirtschaftspolitik nach dem Laissez-faire -Prinzip.
Da es seiner Regierung nicht gelang, die Folgen der Wirtschaftsdepression abzumildern, bleib seine Wiederwahl ein aussichtsloses Unterfangen.
Inoffiziell wurden die Alliierten frühzeitig militärisch unterstützt Leih- und Pachtgesetz. Vielleicht wegen dieser Erfahrung trieb Franklin D.
Presidents of the United States. Grant — Rutherford B. Hayes — James A. Garfield Chester A. Roosevelt — Harry S. Truman — Dwight D. Eisenhower — John F.
Kennedy — Lyndon B. Bush — Bill Clinton — George W. Bush — Barack Obama — Donald Trump —present. Wilson Harding Coolidge Hoover F.
Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Kennedy L. List of Presidents List of Vice Presidents. Acting President Designated survivor Line of succession.
Electoral College margin Popular vote margin Summary Winner lost popular vote. Senate vice presidential bust collection.
Presidents actors Vice Presidents actors Candidates Line of succession. Chief executives of the United States. President of the United States. Retrieved from " https: Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism Use mdy dates from April Articles with short description.
This article is part of a series on the. Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.
Political parties Democratic Republican Third parties. United States portal Other countries Atlas. April 30, [e] — March 4, George Washington — Lived: Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — John Adams [f] [g].
March 4, — March 4, John Adams — Lived: Thomas Jefferson — Lived: Aaron Burr March 4, — March 4, George Clinton March 4, — March 4, James Madison — Lived: George Clinton March 4, — April 20, Died in office.
Office vacant Balance of Clinton's term. Elbridge Gerry March 4, — November 23, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of Gerry's term.
James Monroe — Lived: John Quincy Adams — Lived: Andrew Jackson — Lived: Calhoun [i] March 4, — December 28, Resigned from office.
Office vacant Balance of Calhoun's term. Martin Van Buren March 4, — March 4, Martin Van Buren — Lived: March 4, — April 4, Died in office.
William Henry Harrison — Lived: United States Minister to Colombia — John Tyler Succeeded to presidency. April 4, [k] — March 4, John Tyler — Lived: Whig April 4, — September 13, Unaffiliated September 13, — March 4, [l].
March 4, — July 9, Died in office. Zachary Taylor — Lived: Millard Fillmore Succeeded to presidency.
July 9, [m] — March 4, Millard Fillmore — Lived: Franklin Pierce — Lived: King March 4 — April 18, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of King's term.
James Buchanan — Lived: March 4, — April 15, Died in office. Abraham Lincoln — Lived: Representative for Illinois's 7th District — Republican National Union [n].
Hannibal Hamlin March 4, — March 4, Andrew Johnson March 4 — April 15, Succeeded to presidency. April 15, — March 4, Andrew Johnson — Lived: National Union April 15, — c.
Commanding General of the U. Army — No prior elected office. Schuyler Colfax March 4, — March 4, Henry Wilson March 4, — November 22, Died in office.
Office vacant Balance of Wilson's term. March 4, — September 19, Died in office. Representative for Ohio's 19th District — Arthur Succeeded to presidency.
September 19, [p] — March 4, Grover Cleveland — Lived: Hendricks March 4 — November 25, Died in office.
Office vacant Balance of Hendricks's term. Benjamin Harrison — Lived: Senator Class 1 from Indiana — March 4, — September 14, Died in office.
William McKinley — Lived: Garret Hobart March 4, — November 21, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of Hobart's term. Theodore Roosevelt March 4 — September 14, Succeeded to presidency.
September 14, — March 4, Theodore Roosevelt — Lived: Office vacant September 14, — March 4, Fairbanks March 4, — March 4, William Howard Taft — Lived: Sherman March 4, — October 30, Died in office.
Office vacant Balance of Sherman's term. Woodrow Wilson — Lived: March 4, — August 2, Died in office. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 5 nov om Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie.
John Quincy Adams — Martin Van Buren — William Henry Harrison — Whigpartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Whigpartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.
James Knox Polk — Democratische Partij Nationale Uniepartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Nationale Uniepartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.
Ulysses Simpson Grant — Rutherford Birchard Hayes — James Abram Garfield — Chester Alan Arthur — Stephen Grover Grover Cleveland — William Howard Taft — Thomas Woodrow Woodrow Wilson — Warren Gamaliel Harding — John Calvin Calvin Coolidge — Herbert Clark Hoover — Franklin Delano Roosevelt — Dwight David Eisenhower — John Fitzgerald Kennedy —